Volume 1, Issue 2, June 2015, Page: 25-29
An Experimental Investigation on Addition of Bentonite on Tannery Wastewater Characteristics
Mohamed Ahmed Adam Khdam, Faculty of Engineering, University of Khartoum, Civil Eng. Dept., Khartoum, Sudan
Abusabah E. Elemam, College Water and Environmental Engineering, Sudan University of Science and Technology (SUST), Water Resources Eng. Dept., Khartoum, Sudan
Mohamedabusgra E. Elmam, Aksad Consulting Company, Khartoum, Sudan
Received: May 20, 2015;       Accepted: May 31, 2015;       Published: Jun. 1, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijfmts.20150102.12      View  3285      Downloads  56
Abstract
In this study, wastewater generated from Africa tannery in Khartoum North was investigated for removing of chromium from a wastewater by utilizing Bentonite. Experiments were carried out in order to obtain the optimum dose of Bentonite to be applied for the best removal of chromium and other wastewater parameters which include chemical oxygen demand, Oil and grease, total suspended solid, and chloride. For a 15mg/L dose of Bentonite removal rates of 99%, 44%, 94%, 75% and 53% of chromium(Cr), chemical oxygen demand (C.O.D), total suspended solid (T.S.S) and chloride (Cl) were respectively obtained. The Removal time for the above dose 15 mg/L was 6 hours. The results of the test were statistically analyzed by regression technique and a predication model was obtained after three trends of testing (linear, Exponential and polynomial). The exponential trend was the best (R2=0.9368). The prediction model was validated by comparing predicted and measured data and good fit of data were obtained. Therefore, the use of Bentonite to remove chromium is considered as a very successful method, and it can be a solution to the problem of industrial waste resulting from the tanning industry.
Keywords
Wastewater, Tannery, Bentonite, Heavy Metals, Sudan
To cite this article
Mohamed Ahmed Adam Khdam, Abusabah E. Elemam, Mohamedabusgra E. Elmam, An Experimental Investigation on Addition of Bentonite on Tannery Wastewater Characteristics, International Journal of Fluid Mechanics & Thermal Sciences. Vol. 1, No. 2, 2015, pp. 25-29. doi: 10.11648/j.ijfmts.20150102.12
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